We are pleased to feature, for the first time, a list of the world’s leading climate change lawyers. From across 30 different countries we recognise over 100 dedicated lawyers from 59 firms who work on carbon-related projects including transactions, initiatives to mitigate carbon impacts and the development of carbon management strategies for clients. These lawyers also tackle regulatory issues surrounding renewable energy project development as well as environmental economic instruments. Norton Rose Fulbright, Baker & McKenzie, Allen & Overy, Latham & Watkins and Hunton & Williams are all among the most highly rated firms in this area of our research.
The new IP Litigation chapter is designed to accommodate the unique IP legal marketplace in Japan. Clients who need representation before the Japan Patent Office (JPO), the Tokyo and Osaka District Courts, the IP High Court of Japan and the Supreme Court require the assistance of Japanese attorneys-at-law (bengoshi) and patent attorneys known as benrishi. The division between bengoshi and benrishi are similar to those in the Europe and the US, namely that benrishi usually (but not always) have technical backgrounds and handle prosecution matters, whereas bengoshi have a licence to litigate in the national courts and predominately come from non-technical backgrounds. However, often teams representing clients in infringement and invalidations proceedings are formed of patent attorneys, who have gained a licence to litigate before the courts (known as huki-benrishi) and act as a co-counsel with bengoshi. Aside from these divisions at the bar, the market is also made up of foreign attorneys-at-law, who although are not licensed to practice Japanese law often represent Japanese clients in jurisdictions abroad. The following 37 practitioners are licensed litigating benrishi, bengoshi or foreign attorneys at law, who are considered leading figures in the market.
Patent attorneys, known as benrishi, are typically persons who have passed the patent bar exam and are registered at the JPO, and who are often mandated to represent clients in prosecution matters before the JPO. Most have technical backgrounds in, among others subjects, chemistry, biotechnology, electronics and mechanical engineering; or have a non-technical specialisation in trademarks and design rights. The following 25 patent attorneys are among the most highly regarded in the market.
We highlight four leading lawyers who are well thought of in franchising disputes as well as the structuring, negotiating and drafting of franchise agreements.
In our most comprehensive research to date, we identify the leading corporate tax practitioners across 62 jurisdictions.
In this year’s edition, we recognise 102 of the world’s leading corporate tax expert witnesses.
The market is still undergoing considerable regulatory upheaval, as tax avoidance on an individual and corporate basis remains at the forefront of public consciousness and, subsequently, political discussion. The OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project remains a key focal point in the market with governments actively implementing legislative changes to harmonise tax legislation to meet international standards. The Action Plan has also led to a significant change in the attitude of tax authorities worldwide and disputes are expected to rise during this period of formative adaption for both sides. Transparency and compliance are still the watchwords of lawyers worldwide as corporates, keen to avoid negative exposure, actively seek to ensure that tax practices remain acceptable in the eyes of the public.
The increasingly global nature of environmental concerns, as well as the mounting importance of reputation to companies in the modern era of increasing consumer education and awareness, has resulted in environmental lawyers seeing an uptick in demand for their services. With countries coming together and signing the Paris Agreement on 22 April 2016, there has also been an increase in activity from regulators and enforcement agencies globally, in response to their commitment to confront the causes behind environmental damage. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean that environmental lawyers aren’t facing significant pressures and challenges in the legal market, as discussed below.
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Nominees have been selected based upon comprehensive, independent survey work with both general counsel and private practice lawyers worldwide. Only specialists who have met independent international research criteria are listed.