France has seen paltry levels of growth in mediation over the past year with only a small proportion of commercial disputes going through the process. Scholars have noted that use of the term “mediation” more widely in society has added confusion to the public conception of the method and thus find it necessary to distinguish between the two main types of mediation: the judicial and extrajudicial. Despite this, for several leading practitioners, it remains a focus of their practice and we list 11 lawyers in this sector.
The last year was another busy one for labour and employment practitioners, with the Secure Employment Law implemented in 2013 providing plenty of advisory and compliance work. With more reforms anticipated in the coming year, the heavy workload looks set to continue. There are 21 “superb” practitioners featured in this chapter.
France remains a frontrunner in the life sciences industry with its innovative work in the area as exemplified by two French scientists receiving the 2015 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences. We list 34 practitioners who excel in the areas of regulatory, transactional, patent litigation and product liability work.
Investigations work in France is a growing area of practice and the legal market continues to expand. In this chapter, we identify 18 lawyers and three forensic accountants with expertise in the sector.
The insurance market is undergoing an increasingly high level of consolidation across the EMEA region with many companies looking to divest operations of non-core units. For lawyers in the French legal market this has led to a high level of corporate and regulatory work. In this chapter we list the leading contentious and non-contentious lawyers in the insurance sector.
This edition features the world’s leading life sciences practitioners divided into four discrete practice areas, comprising 360 patent litigators, 226 product liability defence experts, 229 regulatory specialists and 176 transactional lawyers from a total of 363 firms across 45 countries. Hogan Lovells takes top spot in our research this year with an unprecedented level of recognition in our life sciences research. Following closely behind, Sidley Austin offers comprehensive global advice and excels in the regulatory side of the field. Bird & Bird has a dominant pan-European offering, especially with regard to patent litigation. Covington & Burling is also an instantly recognisable name in life sciences and a leading player in the regulatory and transactional fields on a global scale. Meanwhile, Arnold & Porter impresses, in particular, with its transatlantic regulatory advice. Firms also excel domestically, including Hyman Phelps & McNamara in the US, Bristows in the UK and Uría Menéndez in Spain. We also select the five most highly regarded individuals from each of our patent litigation, product liability defence, regulatory and transactional chapters.
The life sciences industry has always faced a complex system of legal and structural challenges. Nowadays, however, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and medical device companies face tougher regulatory enforcement, a stronger plaintiff bar, greater competition over patents and product pipeline issues – as well as an uncertain economic environment. This has led to profound changes in the legal marketplace in recent years.
Switzerland is one of the most progressive nations in the world when it comes to environmental protection and sustainable development. Environmental law is legislated at the federal level under the auspices of the Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC). DETEC has broadened its focus, based on the concept of a “green economy”, taking greater steps to tackle ecological damage. Recently, the country revised its Carbon Dioxide Act to significantly reduce the emission of greenhouse gas, and it also signed the Minamate Convention on mercury to minimise the effect of the highly toxic metal. We have identified 14 lawyers who lead the way in this field.
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Nominees have been selected based upon comprehensive, independent survey work with both general counsel and private practice lawyers worldwide. Only specialists who have met independent international research criteria are listed.