Mediation has not played a very active role in dispute resolution in France in recent years. However, in August 2015, the French government transposed the 2013 EU directive regulating mediation for consumer disputes through the French Decree no. 2015-1382 on consumer mediation. The legislation establishes minimum standards for mediators, and extends an obligation for businesses to advise customers on the availability of mediation. This shows a first attempt at regulating mediation in France, aiming to expand the use of mediation in sales and service consumer contracts. As demand for alternative dispute resolution increases, this could result in significant new opportunities for mediators. It is certainly an area to watch in France and our research highlights 10 outstanding individuals.
With a number of new labour laws introduced over the last couple of years, lawyers in the field have seen a steady flow of advisory work. With more reforms expected in the coming years, practitioners are expecting “the work to continue” and an interesting year to come in the market. There are 33 leading practitioners featured in this practice area.
Respondents attest to a litigious corporate and commercial environment. Last year’s merger-mania means it is likely that post-M&A disputes will increase and occupy a greater portion of a top litigator’s time. In addition to this, France’s new consumer law, the Hamon Law, has introduced class actions into the domestic legal system. Sources also point to an increase in contract and white-collar crime litigation. We identify 25 leading litigators.
With consolidations in the insurance market continuing in 2015, practitioners on the M&A side have seen a busy year in the field, with further mergers and divestitures expected for the coming year. Cybercrime is the “hot topic” in the market at the moment, with lawyers waiting to see “how this trend will pan out”. In the meantime, they’re kept busy ensuring that clients are covered for all eventualities. In this chapter 18 practitioners are recommended.
With Paris’ strong ties to francophone Africa, energy practices continue to thrive in the capital. Nationally, 2015 saw the adoption of the long-delayed energy transition bill which will see France’s reliance on nuclear energy reduced to 50 per cent of power generation by 2025. We list 36 individuals in this chapter deemed to be “at the top of their game”.
With immigration and freedom of movement a hot topic across Europe, France’s immigration law specialists have been busy. For example, the recent introduction of the “skills and talents” visa has seen an increase in advisory work, with more expected for 2016. Five practitioners are recognised as “experts” in the corporate immigration field.
After a period of weak macroeconomic conditions, the fortunes of the domestic construction industry appear to be improving. France’s construction output grew steadily in 2015 thanks to the relaxation of government regulations and an increase in private investment. Emerging markets still present construction companies with business opportunities abroad; however, a slowdown is expected given the tenuous situation in China and Brazil at this moment in time. However, given the specialist nature of France’s practitioners, 2016 should see a continuation of their active work in the sector despite the negative conditions abroad. In this chapter, 10 leading practitioners are selected for inclusion.
France continues to be a leading seat of arbitration since adopting new arbitration laws in 2011, which has enshrined and modernised the country’s favourable and efficient domestic and international arbitral establishment. Numerous foreign arbitral providers are seated in the country and it hosts several important institutions, including the International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). In this chapter, 75 individuals are singled out as leaders in the field.
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Nominees have been selected based upon comprehensive, independent survey work with both general counsel and private practice lawyers worldwide. Only specialists who have met independent international research criteria are listed.